Laser In-Situ Keratomileusis
LASIK is the fastest growing and most popular form of laser refractive surgery, addressing nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism. Its benefits include minimal discomfort and fast visual recovery.
LASIK surgery involves two steps. First, a thin flap is created on the corneal surface. This flap is lifted to expose the underlying tissue. Second, an excimer laser is used to precisely remove ultra-thin layers from the exposed corneal surface, reshaping the cornea to alter its focusing power. The flap is then returned to its original position and allowed to heal in place.
There are different kinds of LASIK. You will be presented with several options as you approach your LASIK surgery. Our refractive team will guide you through this process; your surgeon will make specific recommendations based on the unique characteristics of your eyes.
There are two ways to create the LASIK flap. The original technique, developed in the mid 1990’s, uses a bladed device called a microkeratome. The surgeon uses this mechanized cutting device to create the flap of desired size and thickness.
A newer technique uses a femtosecond laser to create the corneal flap. This technology provides safety and precision and improves the accuracy of the entire laser vision correction process. The use of this laser to create the corneal flap has made LASIK possible for some who might not have been candidates in the past.
The refractive surgeons at Relf Eyecare Specialists use femtosecond laser exclusively in creating the LASIK flap, due to the advantages described above.
Your surgeon may recommend custom or wavefront-guided LASIK as an alternative to conventional LASIK. This technology measures your eye’s unique shape and translates it into a refined excimer laser treatment. This customized approach is able to treat certain refractive errors beyond those treatable with conventional LASIK, thus resulting in sharper vision in some patients. Not everyone is a candidate for this technology. Your surgeon can help you decide if custom LASIK is right for you.
LASIK FAQ’s: You can read the LASIK FAQ‘s to learn more about the LASIK procedure, cost, success rate, side effect.
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